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2019年國家科技獎正式揭曉上海17年來首獲特等獎
2020-01-11 18:45   来源:  www.oceanofgameso.com   评论:0 点击:

2019年國家科技獎正式揭曉上海17年來首獲特等獎人民网上海1月10日电(葛俊俊)1月10日,2019年度国家科学技

人民网上海1月10日电(葛俊俊)1月10日,2019年度国家科学技术奖励大会在人民大会堂举行。其中,上海市共有52项牵头或合作完成的重大科技成果荣获国家科学技术奖,占全国获奖总数的%,连续4年获奖比例超过15%,连续18年获奖比例超过10%。52项获奖项目中,上海市牵头完成26项,占上海获奖项目总量的50%。

People's net Shanghai January 10(GE Junjun) January 10,2019 National Science and Technology Awards Congress held in the Great Hall of the People. Among them, Shanghai has won a total of 52 leading or co-operating scientific and technological achievements, accounting for% of the total number of national scientific and technological awards. Of the 52 winning projects, the city has led 26, accounting for 50% of the total.

从奖种和获奖等级上看,凸显创新“高度”和“难度”的高等级奖项较多。2019年上海在高等级奖项和国家自然科学奖上实现了新的突破,在国家技术发明奖、国家科技进步奖和中华人民共和国国际科学技术合作奖上则持续保持着较强的竞争力,这在一定程度既展现出上海的科创策源能力持续提升,也体现出上海这座城市开放创新的活力。

From the category of awards and awards, highlight innovation \"high\" and \"difficult\" high-level awards are more. In 2019, Shanghai achieved a new breakthrough in the high-level awards and the National Natural Science Award, and maintained a strong competitiveness in the National Technology Invention Award, the National Science and Technology Progress Award and the People's Republic of China International Science and Technology Cooperation Award.

52项获奖项目中,特等奖1项(全国共3项),一等奖7项(占全国的%),二等奖42项。其中,上海牵头荣获国家科技进步奖特等奖1项,这是2002年以来上海市牵头项目首次获得特等奖。

Of the 52 awards, one (national 3), seven (national%) and 42(second). Among them, Shanghai led the winning of the National Science and Technology Progress Award Principal Award 1, this is the first time since 2002 Shanghai led the project won the Principal Award.

从学科领域、完成单位、完成人情况看,上海依然表现出较为综合的创新实力,高校牵头多但企业特别是民企参与积极性更加高涨,跨区域特别是长三角一体化高水平创新合作日益成为常态。

From the field of discipline, the completion of units, the completion of the situation, shanghai still shows a more comprehensive innovation strength, colleges and universities lead more but enterprises, especially private enterprises to participate in the enthusiasm is even higher, cross-regional, especially the Yangtze River Delta integration high-level innovation cooperation has become the norm.

相比2018年,2019年企业参与完成的通用获奖项目数量明显增多,民企和国企均增加3家,特别值得关注的是,在作为前三完成单位的企业中,民营企业数量从3家增加到6家,增长一倍;国有企业数量从5家增加到8家,也有大幅提高,一定程度上体现出本市企业积极整合利用全国优势创新资源的活力和能力。

Compared with 2018, the number of general award-winning projects completed by enterprises in 2019 has increased significantly, and the number of private enterprises and state-owned enterprises has increased by three. In particular, the number of private enterprises in the top three units has doubled from three to six.

从年龄上来看,本市21项牵头完成的通用项目中,第一完成人年龄不超过45岁的有3位,如师咏勇40岁、彭慧胜43岁、杜文莉45岁,占比%;介于46~55岁之间的有11位,占比%;56~65岁有6位,占比%;大于66岁的1位,占比%。累计来看,中青年已成为科技创新的中坚力量。分奖项来看,上海市国家自然科学奖8项项目的第一完成人平均年龄为岁;国家技术发明奖3项项目的第一完成人平均年龄为53岁;国家科技进步奖10项项目的第一完成人平均年龄为岁。

In terms of age, three of the 21 leading general projects in the city have been completed, such as Shi Yongyong 40, Peng Huisheng 43 and Du Wenli 45, accounting for%;11 between 46 and 55, accounting for%;6 between 56 and 65, accounting for%; and 1 over 66, accounting for%. In cumulative terms, young and middle-aged people have become the backbone of scientific and technological innovation. The average age of the first person to complete the eight projects of the Shanghai National Natural Science Award is 53 years, and the average age of the first person to complete the three projects of the National Technology Invention Award is 53 years.

上海聚焦重大科学问题,组织实施基础研究计划,形成稳定的研究队伍,一批优秀的中青年科学家在基础前沿领域取得突破。上海市在国家自然科学奖评选中取得重大进展,创新亮点频现,在国家基础研究的整体格局中占有越来越重要的分量。

Focusing on major scientific issues, Shanghai has organized and implemented basic research projects to form a stable research team, and a group of outstanding young and middle-aged scientists have made breakthroughs in the field of basic frontiers. Shanghai has made great progress in the selection of the National Natural Science Award, and the bright spots of innovation have frequently emerged, which plays an increasingly important role in the overall pattern of national basic research.

复旦大学汤善健独立完成的《随机控制与非线性滤波的数学理论项目》获得国家自然科学奖二等奖。这也是近10年来上海首次获得数学领域国家自然科学奖,也是2019年上海所有获奖项目中唯一由一人独立完成的获奖项目。

The mathematical theory project of stochastic control and nonlinear filtering, completed independently by fudan university, won the second prize of national natural science award. It is also the first time in nearly 10 years that Shanghai has won the National Natural Science Award in the field of mathematics, and the only award-winning project completed by one person independently of all the award-winning projects in Shanghai in 2019.

科技创新关注百姓“衣食住行”,旨在提高百姓生活水平。公众普遍关注的生命健康、医疗卫生及环境保护等方面涌现了大量优秀成果。这些成果拥有自主知识产权,对保障百姓身体健康、便捷百姓生活、促进城市和谐发展等方面做出了重要贡献。

Scientific and technological innovation focuses on people's \"food, clothing, housing and transportation \", which aims to improve people's living standards. A great number of outstanding achievements have emerged in the areas of life and health, health care and environmental protection of general concern. These achievements have independent intellectual property rights, which have made important contributions to the protection of people's health, the convenience of people's life and the harmonious development of the city.

由同济大学周彩存牵头,联合西安、浙江、重庆、江苏区域的医院或公司共同完成的《肺癌精准诊疗关键技术研究与推广应用项目》,成功研发出两种辅助诊断分子标志物,可将早期肺癌诊断阳性预测值从%提高至%。肺癌是我国发病率和死亡率最高的恶性肿瘤,造成了巨大的经济和社会负担,该项目获得国家科技进步奖二等奖。

The \"Research and Application of Key Technologies for the Accurate Diagnosis and Treatment of Lung Cancer \", led by Zhou Caicun of Tongji University and jointly completed by hospitals or companies in Xi'an, Zhejiang, Chongqing and Jiangsu regions, has successfully developed two kinds of auxiliary diagnostic molecular markers, which can increase the positive predictive value of early lung cancer diagnosis from% to%. Lung cancer is the highest incidence and mortality of malignant tumors in China, resulting in a huge economic and social burden, the project won the second prize of the National Science and Technology Progress Award.

“十年磨一剑”的潜心研究是获奖成果的普遍规律,也是科研人员工作的真实写照。2019年度国家自然科学奖、国家技术发明奖、国家科学技术进步奖三大奖获奖通用项目,平均延续时间分别是年、年和年。其中,“颌骨缺损功能重建的技术创新与推广应用”项目持续20余年,“海上大型绞吸疏浚装备的自主研发与产业化”项目持续18年。

The research of \"ten years grinding one sword\" is the universal rule of the award-winning achievement, and it is also the true portrayal of the scientific research personnel's work. the 2019 national natural science award, the national technological invention award, the national science and technology progress award three major awards for general projects, the average duration is year, year and year, respectively. Among them, the project of \"technological innovation and popularization and application of jaw defect function reconstruction\" lasts for more than 20 years, and the project of \"independent research and development and industrialization of marine large-scale strangulation and dredging equipment\" lasts for 18 years.

成果增加的背后,离不开科技体制的完善。2019年3月,上海科改“25条”正式落地,进一步为科研人员放权松绑,实施知识价值导向的收入分配机制,让真正有贡献的科研人员“名利双收”。

behind the increase in results, cannot be separated from the improvement of the scientific and technological system. In March 2019, Shanghai science reform \"25\" officially landed, further for scientific research personnel to release the power, the implementation of knowledge value-oriented income distribution mechanism, so that the real contribution of scientific research personnel \"fame and fortune \".


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